Damus Limited Executes an Exclusive Agency Agreement with Hydro, Inc.

We are pleased to inform you that Damus Limited has executed an exclusive agency agreement with Hydro, Inc.

logo, icon, company nameThis agreement authorizes Damus to actively market, develop and pursue, inter-alia, engineered pump solution opportunities which will not only benefit Hydro and Damus but the various sectors of the economies of Trinidad and Tobago, as well as the wider Caribbean region. Whilst Damus is traditionally known in the fabricating and stationary mechanical equipment maintenance space, we see this partnership as a strategic initiative to increase our value proposition to our customers.

As the leading US technical service provider for pumps, Hydro, Inc. has assisted global customers with pump repair, utilizing engineering/reverse engineering capabilities, test lab services, and parts production (Hydro Parts Solutions). Since 1969, Hydro has proven its capability to repair and re-engineer pumps faster and at a higher or equal level of quality than even the OEMs.

Hydro also possesses an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system specifically configured for the pump re-building process. This system catalogs all parts built for the customer in a database which allows Hydro to efficiently provide backup parts for future repairs and overhauls with shorter delivery times than if these parts were ordered directly from the OEM.

Hydro and Damus would welcome the opportunity to present our full suite of services to your technical and procurement teams to gain an understanding of your Company’s needs and assess how we may best be of service. Given current Covid-related limitations on travel and meetings in person, we propose that our initial meeting be held virtually so that Hydro’s overseas experts may participate. Ultimately, our aim will be for Damus to become registered and prequalified to access future bid or direct-source opportunities related to the services offered by Hydro/Damus.

We trust that the Hydro/Damus association and the services being offered will be of interest to you and your team and we look forward to arranging a meeting in the future to initiate discussions.

Please do not hesitate to contact us today or call our Damus representative, Josiah Ragbir, at (868) 751-6402 should you require additional information.

Gearbox Refurbishment Solves Performance Problems in Australia

Not only does Hydro Australia service centrifugal pumps, but for over twenty years, the team has been refurbishing gearboxes for their clients. Being part of Hydro’s worldwide network of service centers enables Hydro Australia to achieve great success by working alongside fellow engineers for technical support, expedited parts solutions, and the shared wealth of Hydro’s cross-OEM experience. On this particular gearbox refurbishment, Hydro Australia called upon Hydro Richards in Canada to manufacture two new white metal bearings.

After initial blasting and inspection, major issues including cracks were discovered in the upper half of the casing, requiring metal stitch repairing. Once the cracks were repaired, the casing split faces were decked and the casing was line bored. Utilizing Hydro Australia’s state-of-the-art laser scanning equipment in their Morwell, Victoria workshop, the team reverse-engineered the input shaft and all four white metal bearings. Two white metal bearings were also relined, a new input shaft was manufactured from forged material and balanced after fitting the bull gear and final assembly. A team of technicians then traveled to the site to install the gearbox and assisted in commissioning the pump train.

For more information on Hydro Australia pump and gearbox refurbishing, please contact Hydro Australia on +61(03)5165 0390 or visit hydroaustralia.com.au

Condition Monitoring Uncovers Misalignment Issues

Hydro, Inc. is currently supporting a major refinery by providing remote condition monitoring on their critical rotating equipment. Centaur, Hydro’s condition monitoring solution, continuously collects real-time vibration and surface temperature levels on the customer’s pumps and drive trains. With these sensors, Hydro can work directly with the local technicians to utilize and take action upon the data to optimize rotating equipment maintenance strategies.

Alarm thresholds are chosen based on API standards. Hydro’s monitoring software is programmed to automatically report any alarm or emergent issue to Hydro’s engineering team and to the engineering team of the refinery. The graphs showcase a startup event with elevated vibration amplitude levels above the alarm 2 thresholds (>0.300 ips RMS) at the pump inboard and motor inboard sensor locations in the horizontal direction.

In this case, Hydro’s engineering team suspected that the elevated vibration amplitude levels were a result of a misalignment condition. Misalignment occurs when the centerlines of the coupled shafts do not coincide, creating high radial forces across the coupling. In addition, misalignment is indicated by excessive amplitude levels of 1x RPM and 2x RPM response. The FFT Spectrum graphs below displays a dominant excitation frequency at 1x RPM (59.688Hz) and 2x RPM (119.37Hz) for both the pump inboard and motor inboard sensor locations.

Phase analysis has been performed on the pump inboard and motor inboard sensor locations to allow Hydro’s engineers to further confirm the diagnosis of misalignment. Misalignment is characterized by a phase difference of 180° ±30° between the coupled components. Referencing the phase difference chart, the phase difference between the pump inboard and motor inboard sensor locations is 195°, within range of the 180° ±30° phase rule.

Following the analysis, Hydro’s engineering team notified the customer of the apparent issue and recommended that the machine train be inspected and realigned at the earliest convenience. Hydro will reassess the vibration amplitude levels of the machine train once the alignment has been complete.


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Testing Brings a Long-Term Solution

When an oil and gas vertical firewater pump suffered heavy abrasion and wear due to significant sand and particulate matter from a nearby river, HydroTex Golden Triangle, based in Beaumont, Texas, solved the problem, meeting the hydraulic requirements of the firewater system.

In this case, the impellers were severely worn, which meant that replacements and upgrades were needed if it was to meet the National Firewater Protection Agency (NFPA) hydraulic requirements. The critical pump was removed from service and classified as an emergency. The removal naturally resulted in ­downtime at the local site, so a quick turnaround was vital.

Hydro, Inc. has a network of service centers that provide total pump support in Texas. It has 96,000 ft2 of dedicated pump repair space and has the resources, capabilities, and Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) experience needed to offer total solutions for critical pumps from root cause failure analysis to startup. In this case, Hydro, Inc.’s Beaumont-based service center, HydroTex Golden Triangle, worked to provide an expedient resolution that would meet the hydraulic requirements of the ­firewater system.


Most oil and gas pump applications require high-standard fire protection. Firewater pumps are traditionally conventional, vertical line-shaft pumps driven by diesel engines and often require a high level of maintenance.

In addition, most firewater pumps demand extensive rating requirements. Refineries and plants have specialized fire safety needs. API partners with the NFPA to develop fire codes that support the principles of fire prevention for the petroleum industry. Refineries install extensive fire protection equipment to include firewater systems, foam fire suppression systems, fire extinguishers, and fire alarms. NFPA 20, for example, is the standard for the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection. This standard protects life and property by providing requirements for the installation of fire pumps to ensure that systems will work as intended to deliver adequate and reliable water supplies in a fire emergency.


In 2017, this particular vertical oil and gas firewater pump was originally pulled from service due to continued failure and underperformance. A previous vendor had provided the bowl assemblies with impellers that would meet the customer’s hydraulic performance requirements and the timeline for replacement. Despite this effort, the problem remained unresolved and the pump continued to underperform.

Three years later, in 2020, the pump was pulled out of operation again due to continued underperformance and critical failure. It was sent to Hydro, Inc.’s Houston service center for further ­evaluation and analysis. A complete examination determined that the packing was too tight, wearing out the shaft prematurely.

The NFPA requires that firewater pumps be performance tested to ensure ­compliance with firewater system hydraulic requirements. Testing for firewater pumps is typically performed in situ in the field, which can limit the evaluation of pump performance to a smaller range.

Verifying performance

Post-repair, the pump was shipped to Hydro, Inc.’s world-class performance test lab, which is certified by the Hydraulic Institute and located in Chicago.

At this point, the pump retained the same bowl assembly and impellers that were purchased in 2017 from a previous vendor. The as-found performance test revealed that despite the repair, the pump still underperformed in terms of the NFPA requirements. The pump significantly underperformed with discharge pressure more than 40 psi below the required pressure at the rated flow of the pump.

After an investigation by Hydro, Inc., it was revealed that the pump’s OEM offered three impeller designs to meet different performance requirements. All three impeller designs would fit into the same bowl assembly. Each design produces the flow rate, but at different discharge pressures. The initial test results confirmed that the impeller design provided in 2017 was problematic for the particular configuration of that pump.

Upon testing, new impellers were provided by the OEM and sent to Hydro, Inc.’s Chicago service center. The new set of impellers were installed in the bowl assembly and tested in its test lab. While the second test was an improvement, the pump still underperformed by 15 psi at the rated flow of the pump.

Following the second test, the third set of impellers was also provided and tested. The third set tested correctly and met the NFPA hydraulic performance requirements. During each iteration of impellers tested, the pumps had to be disassembled, reassembled, and tested.

Engineering analysis

The engineering analysis had uncovered that the packing was too tight, resulting in the formation of an hourglass shape on the shaft due to severe wear. The pump had not been in service for an extended time but pumping the abrasive sand had caused the overall damage. Further repairs by Hydro, Inc. included replacing the shafts, wear rings, bushings, and reclaiming registers in a complete pump rebuild.

Furthermore, the testing revealed the performance issues which were a result of the wrong impeller design being provided for the particular application and configuration. The initial test results, while lower than NFPA requirements, were confounding given that the pump and parts were provided by the OEM. In this case, the end-user required a partner to help provide verified results and to investigate the performance issue to determine a long-term resolution.


It is important to note that when testing for performance and validation, the end-user is not only investing in the service, but also the guarantee of success upon installation. The cost of downtime due to failure is more expensive than extensive high-quality testing and analysis.

In this case, by using its in-house testing facility and engineering network, Hydro, Inc. was able to solve a range of complex problems (Figure 3). Moving forward, the oil and gas company decided that regardless of the time frame, they want Hydro, Inc. to supply all replacement parts and perform all testing services for its pumps. The company also wants to rerate its pumps to meet 110% of specific duty points for the pump’s performance. The NFPA requires no less than 95% of performance. If it falls below this standard, it must be pulled from service.

Hydro, Inc. further concluded that the sand damage would not be eliminated. However, the longevity of the equipment was provided by rerating the impellers to meet 110% of capacity.

Read the article here.

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Introducing Hydro Richards

Specializing in babbitt bearing manufacturing and service, precision machining, fusion welding, fabrication, and reverse engineering for pump components and rebuilds. 

Hydro Richards was founded in 1942 and originally focused on meeting the machining needs of the forest industry and the war effort. Over the past century, we have grown and diversified to meet the needs of our expanding and evolving industrial world.

Our 13,000 square foot production facility is located in the city of Port Coquitlam. This provides us with quick access to material suppliers, subcontractors, the Trans-Canada Highway, the United States border, and the Vancouver International Airport.

Hydro Richards is an active supporter of the provincial Machinist Apprenticeship Program, employing only provincially qualified journeymen machinists.  We are compliant with ISO 9001AWS D1.1CWB W47.1, and fully support a continuous quality improvement philosophy.

Check out the Hydro Richards website here.